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Glaucoma

A glaucoma is a group of eye diseases in which the optic nerve is damaged leading to irreversible loss of visual field. The optic nerve damage is caused by the raised intraocular pressure (IOP) although it may occur with normal IOP (Normal-Tension Glaucoma) & even with low IOP (Low Tension Glaucoma). The raised intraocular pressure (IOP) is caused by the imbalance between the production and drainage of aqueous in the anterior chamber of the eye.

Glaucoma is a condition of the eye where the optic nerve is affected due to various reasons and leads to partial to total vision loss if not treated. Often the main reason is abnormally high pressure in the eye. Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness for people over the age of 60. It can occur at any age but is more common in older adults. Many forms of Glaucoma do not give any warning signs until it’s too advanced and often the progress is very gradual till its diagnosed and vision is affected. If glaucoma is diagnosed early, vision loss can be prevented. That’s why it is very important to have regular eye checkups. If diagnosed, generally the treatment is lifelong. Visual loss occurred due to Glaucoma is usually irreversible

HOW DO I KNOW IF I HAVE GLAUCOMA?

Symptoms

  • Blind Spots in visual fields.

  • Tunnel vision in the advanced stages.

  • Severe headache.

  • Eye pain.

  • Nausea and vomiting.

  • Blurred vision.

  • Halos around lights.

  • Eye redness.

The signs and symptoms vary according to duration and type of Glaucoma. If left untreated, glaucoma will eventually cause blindness. Even with treatment, about 15 percent of people with glaucoma become blind in at least one eye within 20 years.

When to See a Doctor?

If the symptoms are acute like headache, blurred vision, and nausea, immediately need to visit an Ophthalmologist Refracto screens all the patients for identifying the probability of Glaucoma and provides early clinical interventions for best possible vision retainment. Select Refractos Glaucoma Package for comprehensive annual glaucoma management.